The first item in this group of restraints is the American Handcuff Co “Auto Restraint”. This is used for transporting a prisoner by car, “automobile” as our  friends in the U.S.A. say.  The leg-iron and connecting chains are shortened, allowing only a stooping shuffling walk when the prisoner is outside the car.


Next is the Hiatt “closeting chain”. This is designed for use when transporting a prisoner, for example, by train. It enables the prisoner to use the toilet with some privacy, yet be securely attached to the escort. The downside is that it gives a violent prisoner a formidable weapon!


Next is the Hiatt-Thompson single shackle and lead chain model 6010. This is more often used as a lead chain with the shackle around the linkage chain of the handcuffs worn by the prisoner as in the following picture.


In that later picture, the prisoner is wearing a pair of Smith & Wesson model 100 handcuffs fitted with the BOA Handcuff Co “Cuffmaxx” device. The next picture shows a closer view of those handcuffs.


The “Cuffmaxx” device is made in several versions to fit handcuffs made by Peerless, Smith & Wesson, Hiatt and the American Handcuff Co. This picture shows the device fitted to a pair of Peerless model 500 handcuffs. These handcuffs are permanently fitted onto a C & S Security body chain.


The next picture shows a prisoner in the commonly used transport system (U.S.A.) where the handcuffs are secured to a belly chain with a Martin link.


A non-metallic alternative transport system is the Ripp emergency belt. This is a simple webbing belt closed with a pair of rings to make a friction buckle. Two short plasticuffs are threaded through suitably placed loops in the belt. After use, the cuffs are cut off and the belt is re-useable.


Three pictures follow of James in unusual handcuffs. Martin straight and bent handcuffs. Note the uncomfortable way that the straight ones hold the arms. The third item is a replica of the famous “Russian” manacle that Houdini used, from the Chris Gower collection.



Lastly, the famous “Mackenzie Mitts”. Only about twenty sets of these restraints are known and this pair is in the Chris Gower collection and are modelled by him.